Space-Saving Solutions: Crafting Compact Stair Designs

Looking to maximize space in your small home? The article “Space-Saving Solutions: Crafting Compact Stair Designs for Small Interiors” offers practical tips for a spacesaver staircase and innovative ideas. Whether you’re dealing with a compact apartment or a cozy cottage, optimizing staircase design is key to creating an efficient and stylish living environment.

Related: What Is The Trend In Stairs For 2024?

Table of Contents


In spaces that lack ample square footage, effective layout planning takes on even greater importance.

Avoid centering

When laying out stairs, avoid placing them in the middle of the house. In small homes, central stairs can divide the space, creating barriers. The placement of stairs against walls or corners not only frees up valuable space for daily activities such as cooking, dining, or lounging, but it also creates a visually pleasing arrangement, balancing the symmetry of the overall layout. This principle, often referred to as ‘staying aside’, works in smaller spaces, where every inch of space counts.

The principle of staying aside

In general, positioning stairs against a wall or utilizing corners saves space, freeing up more room for daily use. This principle is primarily applied in situations where space is a constraint, like in compact homes or apartments, but can also be useful in larger spaces, where it allows you to create a visually pleasing and functional layout.

staircase staying aside

It's best not to face the entrance door

Even in a small apartment, it’s best to avoid opening the door directly onto the stair entrance. This helps maintain better sightlines and improves privacy.

not to face the entrance door

Decoration reminds:
Try to avoid placing stairs near load-bearing beams. This prevents the awkward problem of hitting your head due to limited floor height.


In small spaces, choosing the right staircase is crucial.

Opt for a center-column spiral staircase for style and space efficiency.

The center column spiral staircase rises vertically, occupying minimal floor space, making it ideal for small areas.

Customize treads, railings, and handrails with materials like glass, wood, marble, aluminum veneer, or plastic steel to match various styles.

Decoration Reminder: Descending a spiral staircase is typically more laborious than ascending it. For safety and comfort, consider placing the handrails in an ascending and clockwise direction. This allows you to grip the handrails with your right hand while going downstairs.

Straight stairs make better use of the space downstairs

Straight stairs need a certain length of space to be realized. However, if there’s enough room downstairs, they’re a great option for small spaces. Unlike spiral stairs, linear stairs offer smoother movement without causing dizziness due to rotation.

Straight stairs

Zigzag staircase, more flexible

If there’s not enough room for linear stairs, zigzag stairs are an option. They have corners and are more compact than straight ones. The corner’s position can be designed based on the actual situation. Their shape and silhouette are changeable, and the space downstairs can be utilized accordingly.

Zigzag staircase

Smart decoration reminder: Regardless of the stairs’ shape, they can undergo anti-slip treatment if necessary. Typically, 2-3 grooves or anti-slip strips are left at the step opening.

anti-slip treatment

Creative stairs, practicality is the key

Because the space is small, many very unique staircases have been born on the Internet. No matter from the perspective of ideas or styles, they are all very creative, and the final thing to achieve is practicality!

Smart outfit reminder: 

Even in tight spaces, certain dimensions must be maintained: Stairsteps should have a width of 27-30cm and a height of around 17.5cm, ideally 15cm.

The stair slope is typically between 20°-45°, with 30° being optimal. For households with elderly or children, a slope between 14° and 27° is recommended.



Small spaces benefit greatly from ample lighting. Incorporating materials or design elements with good light transmittance into stair designs helps prevent them from obstructing light flow.

Made of glass

Glass, with its excellent light transmittance, can serve as steps, handrails, and other components, reducing the stairs’ impact on indoor lighting.

glass staircase

Hollow-carved Design

Stairs come in various shapes. Incorporating hollow designs can boost space’s light transmittance, allowing natural light to reach every corner of the room more effectively.

Hollow-carved Design Staircase

Decoration Reminder:

When there are young children at home, opt for designs with larger gaps. Calculate the distance between railings and handrails used daily to prevent accidents from children falling due to excessive spacing.

lighting supplement

Insufficient lighting? Stair lighting can help. Design handrails and steps with light sources for local lighting and enhance stair quality and design. 

lighting supplement staircase

Small space? Utilize everything. Limited space means utilizing stairs and space beneath for related designs. Storage is essential. 

Expanding the bottom of a spacesaver staircase into a new functional space? It’s the icing on the cake.


In conclusion, spacesaver staircase in small spaces requires careful consideration and creativity. By implementing spacesaver staircase techniques such as choosing the right staircase shape, maximizing natural light, and incorporating clever storage solutions, you can make the most of every square foot in your home. With these strategies, you can create a functional and visually appealing staircase that enhances the overall design of your small space while maximizing usability and comfort.

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